The Kellogg Institute for International Studies and the Potenziani Program in Constitutional Studies hosted the book launch for the book, “Italian Constitutional Justice in Global Context,” on Wednesday afternoon. The book was co-authored by a group of four legal scholars that includes Paolo Carozza, a Notre Dame law professor, and Andrea Simoncini, a visiting fellow and professor of constitutional law at the University of Florence, and focuses on the Italian constitutional court system and the lessons it contains for constitutional legal studies around the world.As part of the launch, Kellogg and the Potenziani Program arranged a panel of speakers who were involved with the writing and editing of the book, including U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito and the O’Toole Professor of Constitutional Law, Anthony J. Bellia. Simoncini also spoke on the panel.Alito, who wrote his senior thesis on the Italian constitutional courts, said the Italian court is particularly deserving of study by the English-speaking world.“One of the great opportunities I’ve had is to compare how I do things with other judges and justices,” he said.Simoncini said he and his co-authors realized there was a lack of Italian constitutional study in the English language, which is mainly due to the lack of translations available.“It was surprising to hear decisions from Albania and Zimbabwe talked about and studied, but the Italian counterparts were not,” he said, “I found this to be because Italy did not translate their decisions, and so they had no bearing on matters of global constitutionalism.”Alito said constitutional law procedure differs drastically in courts around the world, and these differences are a mechanism through which the American court system and it’s many unique facets can be evaluated.“Judicial review used to be unthinkable,” Alito said. “Here, in our idea of judicial review, the Constitution is law, but a higher form of the law. If the law clashes with the Constitution, constitutionality is debated and litigation arises.”Alito said this perception of judicial review may be derived from variances in how scholars and philosophers around the world think about rights, but that judicial review holds a very important place in American constitutional law.“Judicial review serves to protect against rights violations in the future,” Alito said.Alito said the idea of using legal precedent to substantiate legal decisions in the Supreme Court has become a topic of much debate by legal scholars, and he believes this practice does not account for differences in value systems between countries.“The point that emerges from looking at different cases, while Europe and America agree on certain values, it is simplistic to rely on counting up foreign decisions,” Alito said.Alito said in the U.S. justice system, there is at least a connection to the democratic process, as elected officials are still held accountable to their constituents for decisions to accept candidates for the Supreme Court or not.“Judges are appointed by an elected president and confirmed by elected members of congress, with only a majority,” Alito said.Alito said this contrasts sharply with other international courts, whose procedure helps to preserve courts as “judicial bodies and not political bodies.”Paolo Carozza, director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, said the book was a deeply collaborative venture that was the product of friendly discussion.“We didn’t take different chapters, each chapter was written by four pairs of hands,” Carozza said. “One person would write a chapter and then it was circulated for comments and editing.”Simoncini said the collaborative nature of the book is perfectly suited to the subject matter, as the global community can draw important lessons from comparing their varying modes of operation.“The dialogue between different constitutional scholars was not only the content of our work, but also the methodology,” Simoncini said.Carozza said the way the book was written was exemplar of Notre Dame “as a community of friendship and learning.”He also said the contributions the book will make to the study of comparative global constitutionalism “pales in comparison to the ways in which we, as a University, will impact the world.”Tags: Constitutional Studies, Kellogg Institue, Potenziani Minor in Constitutional Studies, SCOTUS, Supreme Court, U.S. Supreme Court
Family First is currently at the World Congress of Families (WCF) which is the premier global gathering of parents, youth, lawmakers, scholars, religious leaders, and advocates united to support the natural family—and for the first time in history, the global gathering is in the United States. It’s a massive four-day event. www.wcf9.org
In Antique, the local govern unitsthat made such declaration were San Jose, Anini-y, Barbaza, Belison, Caluya,Culasi, Hamtic, Libertad, Pandan, Patnongon, San Remigio, Sebaste, Sibalom, Tibiao,Tobias Fornier, Bugasong, Lauan-an, and Valderrama. “What they are doing is cowardice,”said Army Captain Cenon Pancito III, the 3ID spokesperson. The other barangay councils wereCuartero, Capiz (Putian, Mahunod-hunod, San Antonio, Carataya) and Calinog,Iloilo (Binulosan). In Iloilo, these were themunicipalities of Maasin, Janiuay, Igbaras, Bingawan, and Miag-ao, and IloiloCity. “We are publicly denouncing the rebelsand warning them to stop recruiting students. They are not welcome in our town.What we want is peace, and we want an end to the armed conflict,” said Mayor He appealed to the people to “take abold stance against the NPA.” The most recent of these barangaycouncils was that of Barangay Igtuble in Tubungan, Iloilo. An estimated 30 heavily armed men setof fire three heavy equipment of F & T Construction, contractor of aP2-million road project in Barangay Luyang, Sibalom, Antique, on Nov. 15. “The equipment that the rebelsattacked were not the military’s and those were not in any way involved in thearmed conflict so why burn them. The NPA is in reality sabotaging governmentefforts to improve people’s lives,” said Pancito. They identified themselves as NPArebels to the road project foreman and a laborer who were staying in thebunkhouse before pouring gasoline on the three heavy equipment (road roller,hydraulic excavator and road grader) So far, according to Pancito, 22municipalities and a city in Panay Island have declared the NPA persona nongrata. The arson would result to delays inthe completion of the road, he added. On Nov. 14 the local government ofBingawan, Iloilo rallied its constituents into signing a peace covenantsupporting the anti-insurgency campaign of the Armed Forces of the Philippinesand Philippine Nationa Police (PNP) and declared rebels as persona-non-grata. Barangay councils, too, were declaringthe rebels persona non grata, said Pancito. “If they really want a fight, theyshould face us squarely, not destroy construction equipment beneficial to thecommunity,” said Pancito. “We expect more towns and villages doto the same,” said Pancito. “We strongly condemn this terroristicact of the NPA. The victims here are not only the project contractor butordinary citizens of Sibalom and adjacent towns who stand to benefit from theroad project,” said Pancito. The signing of covenant wasparticipated in by students and youths, barangay officials and other sectors. ILOILO City – The Philippine Army’s3rd Infantry Division (3ID) has thrown a challenge to the New People’s Army(NPA) in Panay Island – face government troops instead of harming unarmedcivilians. The peace covenant also denounced NPAatrocities. The rebels recently torched aconstruction company’s heavy equipment in Antique province. Mark Palabrica./PN
OSBORN, Mo. – Due to overnight rains both Wednesday and Thursday night, track officials have canceled racing for June 5 at U.S. 36 Raceway. The Bud Shootout is postponed to June 19. Up next at U.S. 36 Raceway is a return to the weekly championship chase, and the racing on Friday, June 12 will feature the IMCA Modifieds, IMCA RaceSaver Sprint Cars, IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars and Karl Kustoms Northern SportMods. The Bud Shootout on June 19 will feature the Sprint Series of Nebraska. The IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars will also be in action with the Doyle Lance Remembrance Stock Car Race. Other classes will be announced at a later date. The property and track is too wet and with the recently reworked track surface officials want to continue to strive for a smooth racing surface for both drivers and fans.