An Ndebele decorated hut in the village. An Ndebele warrior armed with spear and dressed in traditional gear.(Images: Motseng Cultural Village) MEDIA CONTACTS • Renette Smit Marketing Manager, Motseng Cultural Village +27 14 552 5080. RELATED ARTICLES • South Africa’s tourist highlights • Creativity brings economic growth • South Africa’s heritage is world classMusa MkalipiTo experience the cultures of the eight indigenous groups in South Africa, a visit to Motseng Cultural Village in North West province is a must-do. It is a true South African experience that preserves African culture through showcasing and paying tribute to the country’s indigenous cultural groups.Within the cultural village, different peoples share their customs through song, dance, poetry, praise singers and narrators. The Motseng village boma is a traditional gathering place where elders meet to discuss community interests and is also used for cultural evenings and conferences.A visit to the local sangoma, or diviner, offers private readings and discussions about the future and guests are also treated to traditional dancing and guided tours daily from 10:30 to 16:30.Local flavour, old and newThe local Motseng shebeen (bar) serves South African cuisine and umqombothi, a traditional beer made from maize, maize malt, sorghum, yeast and water. Patrons can enjoy the sounds of contemporary music, jazz, and kwaito – a uniquely South African genre featuring a mix of jazz, township sounds and international influences like house music. The lyrics are written in indigenous languages, taking their cue from African praise poetry. The vibey shebeen also hosts pantsula dancers and a disk jockey (DJ) on weekends.The latest addition to Motseng is the Dube Shack, which offers an authentic taste of 1960s township life. Visitors can treat themselves to a South African chisa nyama, the buy and braai practice which started in South African townships; enjoy a meal around an open fire, and play traditional board games.The Motseng curio shop sells African-designed arts and artefacts made by local crafters and guests who buy Jembe drums receive a drumming lesson to make the most of their purchase.The Motseng Cultural Village was officially opened in January 2004, for local and international tourist to experience and enjoy South Africa’s unique cultural diversity. The village has employed locals, improving lives in the area.The village is a living cultural destination housed within entertainment resort Sun City.Sun CitySun City offers visitors a number of attractions including the Butterfly Sanctuary, a land-bound beach – the Valley of Waves – and a Gary Player Golf course. Visitors can choose from four hotels or enjoy short stays attending events at the resort.The nearby malaria-free Pilanesberg Game Reserve is a two-hour drive from Johannesburg and offers spectacular mountain views, hot air balloon safaris and guided wildlife encounters.
ReferencesShams-White M, Deuster P. Obesity Prevention in the Military. Curr Obes Rep. 2017;6(2):155-162. doi:10.1007/s13679-017-0258-7Purvis D, Lentino C, Jackson T, Murphy K, Deuster P. Nutrition as a Component of the Performance Triad: How Healthy Eating Behaviors Contribute to Soldier Performance and Military Readiness. US Army Med Dep J. 2013.A Closer Look at Current Intakes and Recommended Shifts – 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines – health.gov. Health.gov. https://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/chapter-2/a-closer-look-at-current-intakes-and-recommended-shifts/. Published 2019. Accessed April 1, 2019. By: Annabelle Shaffer, Dietetics senior at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Military Members Nutritional StatusObesity rates are on the rise in the overall United States population as well as the US military. In fact, 51.2% of all service members are overweight or obese.1 Not only does obesity negatively impact a soldier’s health, but it also increases medical spending and diminishes performance ability during missions.1 Additionally, the nationwide rise in obesity decreases the number of eligible military recruits based on body composition and body mass index (BMI).1The majority of military members meet the Healthy People 2010 physical activity guidelines.2 However, less than 50% meet the US Dietary Guidelines and over 80% do not meet the Healthy People 2020 dietary guidelines.1,2 The current US Dietary Guidelines advocate for the daily intake of:32 cups of fruit3-4 cups of vegetables8-10 ounces of grains3 cups of dairy6 ounces of protein foodsService members who followed a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and fish had significantly higher scores on the Army Physical Fitness Test (AFPT) compared to those following a less nutrient-dense diet.2 The APFT evaluates soldiers on the number of sit-ups and push-ups completed in two minutes and their speed on a two-mile (3.2 km) run.4 To prepare for the physical rigors of the test, the Army recommends cardiovascular, strength, and flexibility training.4 Daily breakfast consumption also correlated with greater healthy eating scores and less unnecessary weight gain.1,6Improving Military Members Nutritional Status POMC researches three high-risk times for weight gain in military communities: pregnancy and early childhood, adolescence, and after the first tour of duty.5 Targeting multiple time points decreases the medical costs due to obesity and improves the health of future soldiers as children raised by military members are more likely to enlist.5There are no specific guidelines in place for military members, however, the general healthy eating guidelines do apply with some modifications. As listed above, a healthy diet should consist of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and protein. Due to strenuous physical activity, military members have increased protein and calorie needs. Additionally, a post-exercise snack can improve diet quality.2Finally, eating out less frequently can improve dietary quality.2 Healthy snacks and meals can be prepped in advance and eaten on the go. Examples include Greek yogurt with berries and granola, whole wheat crackers with tuna, pre-cut veggies with hummus, and salads made with grilled chicken or fish. APFT Calculator, Standards and Exercise. goarmy.com. https://www.goarmy.com/soldier-life/fitness-and-nutrition/exercise.html. Published 2019. Accessed April 3, 2019.Spieker E, Sbrocco T, Theim K et al. Preventing Obesity in the Military Community (POMC): The Development of a Clinical Trials Research Network.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(2):1174-1195. doi:10.3390/ijerph120201174Smith T, Dotson L, Young A et al. Eating Patterns and Leisure-Time Exercise among Active Duty Military Personnel: Comparison to the Healthy People Objectives. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113(7):907-919. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2013.03.002 Food for morale